Blepharoplasty in modern cosmetology is a sought-after operation with which you can change the shape of the eyelids, cut the eye, tighten the eyelids and remove many cosmetic defects in this area of the face.
The procedure involves removing excess fat and eyelid skin. Especially popular is transconjunctival blepharoplasty, which allows you to get rid of fatty hernias with minimal loss, ie without affecting the skin.
Like any cosmetic procedure, eyelid blepharoplasty has a number of indications:
- overhanging eyelid skin (upper and lower);
- "fat sacs" in the eye area;
- "aging" eyelid;
- ptosis (ptosis) of the lower corners of the eyes, as a result of which their shape changes: the incision is significantly reduced;
- "heavy" eyelids (tired look).
Age-related changes put a stamp of time on the eyelids early enough, as the skin around the eyes is very sensitive and tender. After 30 years, many people think of eyelid blepharoplasty as the only salvation from sagging and fat deposits in this area. Someone does not dare to take this step out of ignorance and fear. And it is completely in vain: the procedure is safe, effective and when performed correctly, has a minimum of negative consequences. You just have to get to know her better. It is true that there are several types of blepharoplasty, each of which has its own characteristics.
In modern cosmetology there are different types of blepharoplasty.
1. Correction of the upper eyelids
For many, upper eyelid blepharoplasty is becoming a real salvation, the main purpose of which is to get rid of overhangs. The operation is performed through a skin incision in the fold of the upper eyelid. It removes excess skin. At the request of the patient, they can immediately perform muscle plastic surgery, removing excess fat.
2. Correction of the lower eyelids
The most popular type is blepharoplasty of the lower eyelids, which removes swelling, hernias, bags under the eyes. An almost invisible seam runs along the edge of the lashes. This operation is called transcutaneous or subciliary blepharoplasty by doctors. If the doctor chooses a transconjunctival procedure, an incision is made on the inside of the eyelid. It is possible if you need to redistribute or remove the fatty tissue around the eyes and no removal of skin valves is required. This type of blepharoplasty is most often used by young patients.
3. Circular blepharoplasty
Circular blepharoplasty involves the simultaneous correction of the lower and upper eyelids.
4. Laser blepharoplasty
Many cosmetic clinics today offer an excellent alternative to surgical eyelid lift, which is laser blepharoplasty on various devices. Does not require cuts or stitches. The doctor controls the depth of laser penetration and the degree of heating of the epidermis. As a result, tissue damage and rehabilitation are minimized. The technology safely and effectively stimulates the production of new collagen and elastin, thus achieving a lifting effect. The procedure takes about 30 minutes, is easily tolerated, does not require anesthesia and does not cause hematoma formation. Only non-surgical blepharoplasty can boast minimal side effects.
In addition, professional cosmetologists can suggest a correction of the Asian shape of the eyes to create a Caucasian crease. You can do plastic surgery to remove exophthalmos (the effect of bulging eyes), cantopexy (lifting the lower eyelid to remove the sad expression of the eyes). The question of how safe such drastic measures to rejuvenate the eyelids is of interest to all women who need blepharoplasty: complications are possible after almost all cosmetic procedures.
Side effects after the procedure depend mainly on the type of eyelid surgery: complications can be early (occurring immediately after surgery) and late.
- Swelling that remains on the face more than a week after blepharoplasty: they may be accompanied by blurred vision, headache.
- Bleeding due to a small subcutaneous hematoma (blood flowing from a damaged vessel accumulates under the epidermis), which is eliminated by puncturing or suturing the vessel. In this case, scars, seals, subcutaneous nodules may remain.
- Bleeding can be the result of a hematoma, when a large vessel is damaged, when there is an accumulation of blood behind the eyeball. This complication is accompanied by pain, protrusion of the eyeball, limited eyelid mobility. Threatens glaucoma or temporary vision loss.
- Turning the lower eyelid from the inside out, excessively "opening" the eye, drying it. In this case, special exercises are prescribed, massage to train the circular muscles of the eye. Sometimes support sutures are applied and surgery is possible.
- An infection that will require a course of antibiotic therapy.
- Different stitches will lead to re-stitching.
- Cysts form, which sometimes disappear on their own, otherwise they are removed by a specialist.
- Rupture due to narrowing of the tear ducts.
- Unpleasant sensations from a "hot" eye.
- Dry keratoconjunctivitis (simultaneous inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea).
- Blepharoptosis (sagging of the upper eyelid).
All the listed complications of eyelid blepharoplasty require additional therapy and repeated medical intervention. However, you should not abandon a useful and important operation that restores youth. Blepharoplasty effectively and in a short time solves the most painful problems: removes adipose tissue and excess skin around the eyes, reduces the manifestations of age-related changes, performs plastic surgery on the muscles of this part of the face, changes the shape and shape of the eyes, eliminates acquired and congenital defectson the eyelids. With such indicators, it is a sin not to take advantage of the unique chance to give your eyes a second youth and freshness of radiance.